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Ecology and Sustainable Development
ESD > Volume 2, Number 2, May 2019

Local Perceptions of Environmental Changes and Adaptation Measure Implication on Coastal Community’s Livelihood in Bagamoyo, Tanzania

Download PDF  (1363.8 KB)PP. 33-42,  Pub. Date:May 30, 2019
DOI: 10.22606/esd.2019.22002

Author(s)
Brown Gwambene, Ernest Karata
Affiliation(s)
Faculty of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship, Marian University College, P.O. Box 47, Bagamoyo, Tanzania
Faculty of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship, Marian University College, P.O. Box 47, Bagamoyo, Tanzania
Abstract
The perceived and experienced environmental changes, decline in production of most livelihood activities resulted in divergence, whereas poor people are particularly vulnerable. The success of local community adaptation opinions, building resilience and improving adaptation capacity strongly influenced by perceptions. Through the household survey, key informant interviews and field observation; the study revealed the risk posed by changing environment to livelihood activities and the environment. Population increase, changing environment, poor access/lacking support for the livelihood development compounded by climate variability resulted in destruction of coastal resources. The effectiveness of adaptation measure at local communities halt dubious. Therefore, enhancing adaptation capacity, flexible livelihood activities and providing technical assistance to local adaptation options were recommended. Such measures include strengthening and capacitating community legal entities and key stakeholders in advocating effective local adaptation, stimulating engagement in alternative co-benefiting livelihoods that promote conservation and strengthen community aptitude.
Keywords
Environment change, local livelihood, coastal areas and sustainability
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