Isaac Scientific Publishing

Environmental Pollution and Protection

Inhibition of Soil Methane Oxidation by Fertilizer Application: an Intriguing but Persistent Paradigm

Download PDF (832.1 KB) PP. 57 - 69 Pub. Date: June 8, 2018

DOI: 10.22606/epp.2018.32001


  • Virendra Kumar Mishra*
    Department of Environmental Science, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak, MP, India, 486887
  • Reetika Shukla
    Department of Environmental Science, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak, MP, India, 486887
  • Prabhu Nath Shukla
    Deputy Conservator of Forest, Department of Forest, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India


Methane (CH4) is one of the most important greenhouse gases and is oxidized by the methanotrophic bacteria in the soil. Present work is an effort to review the available information in this regard and present them in a systematic way. In this review, we concluded that low NH4+ concentration can be supportive to the methane oxidation and growth of the methanotrophs. However, their high contents suppress the methanotrophic bacteria by inhibiting the enzymes particularly methane monooxygenase (MMO) involved in the methane oxidation. There are a range of the soil and environmental factors such as type of soil and vegetation, methane availability, amount and exposure time of ammonium, and type of methanotrophic community dominating in an ecosystem, which affect the response of the methanotrophic bacteria towards the fertilizer application. However, still there are several gaps in our knowledge as complex interaction of edhapic factors affecting the availability of ammonium is unraveled.


Methane, soil methane oxidation, fertilizer application, ammonium fertilizer, nitrate fertilizer, organic fertilizer


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