Isaac Scientific Publishing

Environmental Pollution and Protection

Ecological Assessment of Water Quality of Betwa River in Jhansi District

Download PDF (302.1 KB) PP. 1 - 5 Pub. Date: March 28, 2017

DOI: 10.22606/epp.2017.21001


  • D.M. Tripathi
    Deptt. Of Microbiology Bundelkhand University, Jhansi
  • S. Tripathi*
    Deptt. Of Environmental Science Bundelkhand University, Jhansi


Jhansi is situated in Central part of India in Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh, India. Betwa is the main river in Jhansi which is also a tributary of river Yamuna. The present investigation was carried out on Betwa River for the assessment of water quality. The sampling locations were chosen carefully in order to get maximum representation of the diverse ecohydrological environment within the river system. The water samples were analyzed for various physicochemical and microbial parameters such as pH, EC, TSS, TS,TDS, total hardness, Ca, Mg , alkalinity, acidity, Cl, DO, BOD, free CO2, temperature and MPN. Results showed that the water of Betwa River is alkaline in nature with higher concentration of cations. Nitrates, phosphates and heavy metals are significant in the water which can be attributed due to high rate of decomposition and anthropogenic pressure. Higher BOD, COD, Turbidity and low DO level in water is due to abundance of animated life and the microbial activity, which results in the depletion of the dissolved oxygen.


River, heavy metal, pollution, water quality.


[1] Agrawal, A., Saxena, M. (2011) Assessment of pollution by physicochemical water parameter using regression analysis: A case study of Ganga River at Moradabad, India. Adv. Appl. Sci. Res. 2(2):185-189.

[2] Ara, S.,Khan,M.A. andZagarM.Y.,(2003) Physico-chemical characteristics of Dal lake water. In : Kumar(Ed.) Aqu.Env.Toxicol.,Daya Publishing House, Delhi, 128-134.

[3] Dalai T. K., Krishnaswami S. and Sarin M.M.(2002) Major ion chemistry in the headwaters of the Yamuna river system: chemical weathering, its temperature dependence and CO2 consumption in the Himalaya; GeochimCosmochimActa,66 3397-3416.

[4] Emongor, V., Kealotswe, E., Koorapetse, I., Sankwasa, S. and Keikanetswe S., (2005) Pollution indicators in Gaberone effluent, J. Appl. Sci., 51, pp 47-150.

[5] Kumar, J. and Pal, A. (2010). Water Quality of Two Century old Freshwater Pond of Orai, Jalaun district BundelkhandRegion, U.P., India, Recent Res. Sci. Technol. 2(2): 34 – 37.

[6] Kumar, J., Singh, S. and Pal, A.(2008). Water quality of Turamdih and Jaduguda uranium mines and adjacent areas,East Singhbhum, Jharkhand, J. Ecophysiol. Occup. Hlth. 8 : 7-14.

[7] Liu, C. W., Lin, K. H., Kuo, Y. M., (2003) Application of factor analysis in the assessment ofgroundwater quality in a Blackfoot disease area in Taiwan. Sci. Total Environ. , 313 (1-3):77-89.

[8] Padmanabha, B., Belagali, S.L., (2007) Water quality index of Kabiniriver in the kallahally village of Nanjangud Taluka of Mysore District, Karnataka. J. Environ. Sci. Eng. 49(1):48-50.

[9] Pandey, P.K., Kass, P.H., Soupir, M.L., Biswas, S., Singh, V.P. (2014) Contamination of water resources by pathogenic bacteria. AMB Express, 4:51.

[10] Raj Kumar, S.,Velmurugan, P., Shanti, K., Ayyasamy, P.M. and Lakshmanaperumalasamy, P.(2004) Capital Publishing Company, lake 2004,pp.339-246.

[11] Raja R.E., Lydia S., Princy M., andChritopher G. (2002) Physico-Chemical Analysis of SomeGroundwater Samples of KotputliTown Jaipur, Rajasthan. Indian JEnviron Prot. 22(2): 137.

[12] Sangu, R.P.S, Sharma S.K.(1987). An assessment of water quality of river Ganga at Garmukeshwar. Ind. J. Ecol 14(20): 278-287.

[13] Sharma, S. (2003) Agricultural Use of Sewage waters in Gwalior: Ionic Quality Assessment, Indian J. Environ.Hlth., 4(40) : 343-348.

[14] Shrestha S, Kazama F. (2007) Assessment of surface water quality using multivariate statistical techniques: Acase study of the Fuji river basin, Japan. Environmental Modelling & Software, 22(4): 464-475.

[15] Shyamala, G., Shivananad, K. P. and Babu, S. S. (2008) A Preliminary report on the physico chemical nature of waterpollution in and around Erode own, Tamil Nadu. Natl. Environ. Pollu. Technol., 7(3): 555-559.

[16] Tripathi S, Pathak V, Tripathi DM, Tripathi BD. (2011) Application of ozone based treatments of secondary effluents. Bioresour. Technol.102:2481–2486.

[17] Ward A.D., Elliot W.J., (1995) Environmental Hydrology. Lewis Publishers. Boca Radittaton, Florida.

[18] Warhate, S.R., Yenkie, M.K.N., Chaudhari,M.D., Pokale, W.K. (2006) Impacts ofmining activities on water and soil. J.Environ. Sci. Eng., 48(2): 81 88.